Tehran, the Heart of Iran
Tehran is the capital of Iran, which has long been among the different ancient and historical cities of Iran. The city is now known to be the most important industrial and political city of Iran and has a long and sports history in our country. Because of its extended size and the above-mentioned features, the city changed to a province and become one of the major urban centers in the country and world.
beautiful mountain climbing routes can be found such as: Darband and Darakeh that are the way of Alborz mountain climbers. In the winter, the people may use Toochal Ski resort and in the summer it can be a delightful opportunity to enjoy the cool weather and mountainous region. Also in the spring, the gardens are blooming and make the Darakeh valley very. Thus, Because of the mountainous situation of the northern Tehran, it is a place for mountaineering and in the winter it is a good place to use the International Ski
Tehran Province is located on the southern slopes of the Central Alborz. The ruggedness of the province are divided into Alborz mountains in the north of Tehran, central parts and southern foothills of Alborz; also the deserts of south and west of Tehran are the factors that affected the climate of Tehran province and the city of Tehran is known as the city with four distinct seasons, with relatively cold winters and fairly warm summers and mild and pleasant autumn and spring.
Natural and Tourism attractions
Considering the climate of this city, and the size of the city, Tehran has a lot of natural attractions such as: Parks, lakes, fountains and waterfalls, valleys, protected areas, caves and glaciers, mountains and beautiful rivers. North of Tehran is attached to Alborz Mountains, with the beautiful mountainous areas with natural waterfalls and very beautiful caves and every year a large number of visitors are attracted to it. Like a waterfall in Naran in Lavasan with a constant flow of water on the stones cliff; Kaftarloo waterfall in Kand Oleya Village or Osbool Cave in the Osbool Valley in the east of Ohsan, and Hamelon Cave in Hamelon Strait close to Meygoon. In the mountainous region to the north of Tehran, many
Tehran has many fans. The famous parks of this region are Chitgar and Javanmardan Parks. Unlike the West and the North of Tehran, the East region has sparse forests and very beautiful mountain climbing routes, it is proper for sports such as athletics and cycling and motorcycling. Forest Park of East of Tehran are includes Lavizan Park Khojier National Park and Sorkhehesar Forest Park. South of Tehran is near the plains and central pastures of Iran, due to low rainfall, there is a good place for horses and riders and polo players.
Resort of Toochal, Dizin and Shemshak. With facilities such as Chairlift, training resorts, dish tele-skis, hotels and motels and a suitable atmosphere for sports enthusiasts and tourists. On the other hand, the north of Tehran has
very beautiful parks such as Gheytarieh, Niavaran and Jamshidieh Parks are natural attractions of the city and especially in spring and summer, they have a lot of tourists from different parts of Iran and the world. West of Tehran is next to Alborz province. The air in this part is warmer than the north of Tehran and because of its closeness to the end of Alborz Mountains, sparse forest are caused by wind; sports such as kite surfing and paragliding in the mountains of West
Historic and cultural attractions
Due to historical and cultural attractions, Tehran can be divided into three regions North, Central and South divide. In northern, because of its climates the Saadabad and Niavaran Palaces - Museum and Kooshk-e Ahmadshahi can be founded in this regioun. Saadabad Cultural Complex is a combination of buildings and palaces located at Darband Valley which is the northeast place of Tehran and it is located in an area of 300 acres. This collection contains approximately 180 acres of natural forest, springs, canals, gardens, greenhouses and streets. The building is next to Alborz Mountains from north, the Golabdareh from East, the Velenjak form West and Tajrish from South. The Jafarabad River flows in the center of this palace. Saadabad constructed in Qajar Era and it wasthe summer residence of the kings of this period. From 1299 the Pahlavi residences in this palace and a lot of new buildings was constructed in this area, it is about 18 palaces. Each one of these palaces was residence place of one of Pahlavi family members. The oldest palace of this complex is Kooshk-e Ahmadshahi (Palace) which was constructed at the beginning of his reign. The newest palace of this complex is the Leyla Pahlavi’s Palace which was belongs to the youngest daughter of King Mohammad Reza Pahlavi.
Niavaran Palace is located at the north east corner of Niavaran Garden which is located at Shahid Bahonar Sq., of Tehran. This palace was constructed based on the order of King Mohammad Reza Pahlavi in 1958 and by a pause in its construction, it was finished in 1967.In Fathali Shah’s Era, a little palace was located in the place of Niavaran Palace. In Mohammad Reza Pahlavi’s era, this small palace was destroyed and Niavaran Palace of constructed instead. The area of this construction is 9000 sqm, and it is built in 2.5 floors. At first it was only a place for hosting foreign guests but after construction it was dedicated as living place of King Mohammad Reza Pahlavi and his family.
The designer of this palace was Mohsen Forooghi who inspired his design from Iranian traditional architecture together with pre and after Islam art. Plaster works of the palace was down by Mr. Abdollahi, the mirror works by Mr. Aliasghar and tiling of exterior by Mr. Ebrahim Kazempour.
In the central area of Tehran, Tehran’s Ancient Citadel (A.K.A Arg-e Ghadim-e Tehran) can be noted that is the limits of old Tehran. And the Bazaar of Tehran with its old features is located in this area. One of the most beautiful places of this area is Golestan Palace which is a part of Tehran’s Historical Citadel which was the residential place of Qajar’s Kings and one of the ancient and beautiful places of 200 years old capital of Iran. This building was like a gem inside of the citadel. The history of The Royal Citadel which is located at the center of Tehran dates back to Safavid Era. Shah Tahmaseb I of Safavid Era (1551 – 1605) was the first king who in his way to pilgrimage Abdol Azim Hassani’s Shrine ordered to construct a 1 miles fortification around the Tehran Village. After him, Shah Abbas constructed a garden in the north of fence of Shah Tahmaseb and after a while, he constructed a long wall around it and named inside of this wall as citadel, one of the famous constructions of this citadel was Golestan Palace. Nowadays, this part of Tehran is a museum.
The other building of Tehran is the Museum Of Glass (A.K.A Moose Abgineh), which belongs to Ghavamol Saltaneh, the Minister of Ahmad Shah of Qajar. This building is constructed in 2 floors and 5 halls. The 1st and 2nd halls are located in the first floor and the other halls are located at the upper floors. In the 2nd hall, the oldest glasses, glass tubes, and pottery are located. The Engineer who designed the Museum’s showcases was an Austrian named Hans Holain. The decorations consist of inlaid frames and brick work walls and stairs in 50 different types.
Blaster works of the museum includes: Qavam Style and Western Style in time of Egypt’s Embassy and also the mirror works of the 2nd floor belongs to Qajar era. In fact, the Museum of Glass is the specialized museum of glass and pottery. The oldest glasses are the glass
decorated with the Naskh and Nasta’liq manuscript. Hall 5 named due to the cyan color glazes and it is left from the seventh and eighth centuries. The museum building is octagonal and it is located in the garden area of 7000 square meters. Innovative designs and exquisite doors and windows are kept very nice, reminiscent of the architecture of Seljuk era. It can inspire architects to design the classic style. The other cultural and historical places of Tehran are: Sardar-e-Bagh-e-Melli, pipes, named glass cylinder they have been discovered from Choghazanbil Temple and belongs to the second millennium BC. Glass and pottery of prehistoric periods located at the first floor and they are oldest pottery made from Parthian era, in the first thousand years BC. Oyster Hall named in this way because its shape resembles half-open oyster and contains Nishapur pottery of the third and fourth centuries. The Four (Golden) Hall named in this way because of golden containers of Seljuk era includes round containers that are Tehran’s Grand Bazaar, Masoudieh Building, Kooshk, Ghavamol Doule’s House, Moshirol Doleh Pirnia’s House, Mostofi Al Mamalek’s House, Golestan Palace – Museum. Tehran has the most of Palace – Museums of the country among them we can mention to: Golestan Palace – Museum, Iran Bastan Museum, Malek Museum, Coin Museum, Post Museum, 13 Contemporary Art Museum, Carpet Museum, Science Museum, Museum of Treasure, and the Geological Museum, Cinematic Town of Gazzali.
First Steps in Footbal
About establishing the first football team in Tehran, it is worth to mention that Tehranians was not get to know football immediately, but they watched football side by side with the English people and played it for a long time. The origin of the first football team in Tehran is unknown but the year of Syed Zia and Sardar Sepah’s military coup, 1920, can be registered as the year of establishment of Tehran’s first football team. In that time a competition was held inside Mashgh Sq., known as 7 Lashgar, and some teams has played with each other for the first time. The English teams were played in these matches as well. The English living in Tehran, who, in fact, model and promote football in the city, were tested. In this tournament Club Tehran won the other teams and stands against England Team. Although the England team won the game because of its experiences, this matches had a great influence in growth of football among Tehran. After that date, some football teams were established in Tehran such as Sport Aramaneh which was famous after Club Iran Team. The initial Footbal Fields in that time were: Khayam Field located arounf Absardar, Doolat Field located after Darvazeh Doolat
, Soltani Field located around Moniries, Leng Field located around Alborz Highschool in Colleague Cross (Lenj was a foreign company) and so on.
Azadi Stadium- Tehran-Iran
Hotel Espinas is built with resent standards of modern countries and the open area between floors and its royal lobby made this hotel very beautiful and special. The hotel has 224 accommodation units including luxurious suites with high-speed Internet access, WIFI and satellite news channels. In the halls of this majestic Hotel, the most modern facilities possible for international celebrations and seminars are provided with special services at the Mediterranean restaurant and the traditional restaurants that evoke adesire for food. The collection of health and wellness
with extensive facilities and experienced staff provides the needs of travelers. The lobby is magnificent and is located near the coffee shop with live music and excellent prospects. The hotel has several Restaurants. Mediterranean restaurant is well known for having a very pleasant atmosphere. The restaurant has a very beautiful view and memorable menu that is provided for
the guests. Mediterranean VIP rooms are ideal experience for intimate and work banquets and will be ready to welcome guests. The Pasargadae Hall is the largest and most magnificent luxury hall of the hotel with all the modern required facilities and input capacity of 700 guests for seminars and conferences with capacity for 500 people of attendances. Persian Gulf (A.K.A Khalije Fars) Hall is another hall of the hotel with classical decoration and capacity of 500 guests with all of the facilities is suitable for celebrations, seminars and international conferences and is especially dedicated to ladies.
Perspective and Traditional Restaurant is other facilities of the international hotel which inspired from beautiful and procedural texture of the old city of Yazd and using rich cultural traditions of Iran. Sports and fitness facilities of the hotel include: pool, sauna, steam and dry sauna, Jacuzzi, massage room and a gym.
Laleh International Hotel
Laleh International 5 Stars Hotel with an area of over 16,000 square meters with modern facilities, 13 floors and 400 rooms, with one bed and 2 beds, Royal Suite and normal Suite. This hotel was built in 1971 and in 1997 it was reconstructed. The Laleh International Hotel is located in the center of the city and its location is very suitable of Iranian and Foreign guests and its guests have easy access to all of the necessary places. This hotel has the most advanced equipments and air conditioners and cooling systems and it also has the most modern audio and video systems with the Internet and telecommunications access and news channels of satellites. The magnificent halls for parties and seminars, RotisserieFrench restaurant with a beautiful view of the Alborz Mountains and the Tiare Chinese Restaurant with delicious foods of Far East and a fantastic view of Tehran and specially the Alborz Mountains are available. Namakdoon Restaurant with the most delicious Iranian foods in an environment full of rich traditional Iranian live music is one of the other features of this international hotel. Also it has the 24-hour coffee shop and buffet with live music and numerous facilities such as sauna, summer pool, travelers’ stores and banks, thus the gust feels no neet to go outside the hotel.
Esteghlal International Hotel
The five-star Parsian Esteghlal International Hotel (Former Hilton) covered by Parsian Hotels company is located in the down foot of the Alborz mountain range with 70,000 m2 area. Two eastern and western tower of hotel (each tower 15 floors) has been exploited respectively during the 1962 and 1972, totally with 552 luxurious rooms and suites, equipped with all the amenities and communications, professional conferences and community halls with different capacities, permanent and seasonal Iranian and foreign luxury restaurant
with international food menus, various commercial centers and sports facilities. The accommodation facilities at the hotel are 404 rooms, 48 suits equipped with luxury accessories, all having security flame systems and all the amenities of luxury hotels of the world. Large western suits of tower with 2 bedrooms have exquisite landscape of Tehran, also large eastern suits with one bedroom and meeting room with a beautiful view of the mountains north of Tehran in upper flowers is another reason for calling the Parsian Esteghlal
Hotel as a unique hotel. All 42 small suits of this hotel are equipped with the most modern technology and communications equipment, furniture and decoration of Iranian artists.
Another facility of this hotel is Daryaye Noor hall which is of the largest halls shaft-free with a capacity of 1000; Yas restaurant is located on the east side of the hotel lobby with a capacity of 200; Nofel Loshato restaurant with capacity for 140 and presenting the most delicious Iranian and Foreign foods such as Yas restaurant no. 1 is an appropriate place for holding meetings for those seeking for calm place so that in addition to holding meeting enjoys from the simultaneous reception. Other restaurants of this set are Rose restaurant with a capacity of 60 people; Kozin Royal French restaurant with classic architecture and modern design; and Thai and Arabic restaurants. Parsian Esteghlal hotel’s lobby coffee shop with full services to the guests along with live piano and serving the most delectable desserts and most sweet drinks is a place for the ones seeking for a calm place apart from the bustling city life to spend quiet moments with the family or friends.
Hotel Parsian Esteghlal sport club also includes indoor pool, dry and steam sauna, , Jacuzzi and fitness center with masseur, provides the guests and other interested people the most beautiful and most and modern sport places of Tehran.
Parsian Azadi Hotel
Parsian Azadi 5 Stars International Hotel (former Height Hotel), is the most modern and most luxurious hotels in the country which was reopened after completed reconstruction and decoration by the experts of the Swiss, Italian and Chinese.
This hotel is located in the good weather area of Evin and is really close to International Fair, Civic Center of Islamic Republic of Iran Broadcasting, Hall of the Islamic Summit, Enghelab Great Sport Complex, and the main highways of capital of Iran, in a tall tower located in northern Tehran with variety of restaurants and coffee shops, 475 room (Double, Twin, and disables’ special and contact) and a variety of luxury suites (Jr., Royal, duplex, 2 presidential unique suites on located at 25 and 24 floors) and grand ceremonial and meeting halls and 4 special VIP floor with private Lounge located at the twenty-third floor, with a young team handpicked from the best universities in the country, is ready to welcome tasteful guests. The hotel has special facilities such as coffee shop (Lobby launch), 24 hours restaurants, 24-hour room service, Iranian and foreign restaurant, banquet and event venues, sports clubs includes: Pool, sauna, Jacuzzi, coffee shop next to the water, 24-hour taxi service, WIFI high-speed wireless internet in all rooms and public areas, business center and equipped internet center, counter of airlines’ agency, satellite channels, private parking (5 floors parking, roofed and non-roofed), private landscaped garden and private safety deposit box.
Mehrabad International Airport
Mehrabad Airport is one of Tehran’s Airports which was constructed in 1938. This airport is in the west region of Tehran.
Around 30 travel agencies carry out commercial activities in the premises of Mehrabad Airport, such as Homa, Aseman, Air Tour Safiran, Mahan, Kish Air, Eram, Faraz-e-Gheshm, Zagros Air, Saha, Fars Air, Taban, Aban and Saudi Arabian Travel Agency. Additionally and among non-airline companies, other agencies are enlisted such as DHL Post Services, International Telecommunication office, IRIB, Tourism and Iran Tourism office, Hajj and Pilgrimage Organization bureau, Defense Ministry office, Sepehran Company, Mehrabad Customs office, Bampad parking lot, advertising companies, Car Rental, Traditional Restaurants, Melli Bank, Traditional Gallery, Handicrafts and Hajj Terminal Services. Since Imam Khomeini International Airport is covering most international Flights, Mehrabad International Airpot is currently being used for all domestic flights.
Imam International AirportAirport
The strategic Situation of Iran which is considered the cross point of Far East
to the Middle East and the connection between new established Central Asian countries, Persian Gulf, its surrounding countries, Indian Ocean and East of Africa has caused maximum demand to use the air ways of Islamic Republic of Iran. As a result of such strategic situation, Imam Khomeini International Airport has become one of the most important centers to exchange the passengers and cargo in Middle East. Tehran to Qom, Tehran to Saveh and old road of Tehran to Saveh are the main routes to access Imam’s Airport. Passenger’s terminal is conveniently located at a 30-Kilometer distance from Tehran-Saveh speedway and is also 45 Kilometers away from Tehran-Qom highway. Tehran subway line is planned to be further expanded in near future meaning that Imam Khomeini International Airport will be accessible from Tehran via subway. Its passenger terminal has the 78357 square meter area comprised of landside and the airside. The passenger capacity of the airport is about 4.5 Million per annum and could be enhanced by up to 5 million.